Types of Assam Tea | Types and Uniqueness of Each tea

Types of Tea in Assam

Assam, a region nestled in the northeastern part of India, is renowned worldwide for its exceptional tea production. The fertile plains and ideal climatic conditions create the perfect environment for cultivating Camellia sinensis, the tea plant. Assam tea is celebrated for its robust flavor, briskness, and distinct malty notes, making it a favorite among tea connoisseurs. Within the realm of Assam tea, there exists a diverse array of types, each with its own unique characteristics and brewing methods. How about buying some Assam Tea Online from Halmari Tea and relishing the flavors and earthy notes that the tea behold?

Types and Uniqueness of Each Tea

Assam Orthodox Tea:

Orthodox Assam tea refers to tea that is processed using traditional methods, which involve handpicking the leaves and carefully rolling them to initiate oxidation. This method results in whole-leaf or large-leaf grades of tea. Orthodox Assam tea is known for its bold flavor, rich aroma, and complex character. It brews into a vibrant coppery liquor with a full-bodied taste and malty undertones. This type of tea is typically enjoyed without milk to fully appreciate its nuanced flavors.

Furthermore, Orthodox Assam tea undergoes a careful withering process after harvesting, allowing the leaves to wilt slightly and reduce moisture content. This step is crucial in preparing the leaves for rolling, as it helps to enhance the release of natural enzymes responsible for oxidation. 

Assam CTC (Crush, Tear, Curl) Tea:

The mechanized processing method used for CTC (Crush, Tear, Curl) Assam tea involves specialized machinery that efficiently breaks down the tea leaves into small, uniform particles. This process is designed to accelerate the oxidation process, resulting in a tea with bold flavor and robust characteristics. The leaves undergo a series of steps where they are crushed, torn, and curled, which not only hastens oxidation but also imparts a distinctive appearance to the tea particles.

The small, uniform size of the tea particles ensures consistent brewing and extraction of flavor compounds, leading to a strong and flavorful cup of tea. CTC Assam tea is prized for its quick brewing time, making it a convenient choice for those seeking a swift caffeine boost in the morning or throughout the day. The resulting brew boasts a deep, reddish-brown color and a rich, malty flavor profile that is distinctly Assamese.

Assam Green Tea:

In the lush tea gardens of Assam, amidst the vast expanses of black tea bushes, lies a hidden gem – Assam green tea. While black tea production dominates the region’s tea industry, a select number of estates in Assam devote their expertise to crafting this delicate and nuanced variety. Assam green tea undergoes a meticulous process that begins with the careful selection of tender tea leaves, plucked at just the right moment to ensure optimal freshness and flavor.

Once harvested, the tea leaves are subjected to a series of gentle treatments designed to preserve their natural green color and delicate flavor profile. The first step in the process is withering, where the leaves are spread out in a controlled environment to allow excess moisture to evaporate. This step helps to prepare the leaves for rolling, ensuring that they are pliable and receptive to shaping without damage.

Assam White Tea:

In Assam, where black tea production reigns supreme, the production of white tea is a rarity, but its quality is exceptional. Assam white tea is crafted with meticulous care, starting with the careful selection of young tea buds and tender leaves, often harvested in the early morning when they are at their freshest and most delicate. These buds and leaves are prized for their downy appearance and high concentration of nutrients, including antioxidants and catechins, which contribute to the tea’s health-promoting properties.

Once harvested, the tea leaves undergo minimal processing to preserve their natural characteristics. Unlike black or green tea, which undergo oxidation or firing, respectively, white tea leaves are simply withered and dried, allowing them to retain their delicate flavor profile and subtle aroma. This gentle processing method ensures that the tea maintains its pristine appearance, with the leaves retaining their silvery-white hue and velvety texture.

Assam Specialty Teas:

In addition to the classic varieties, Assam also produces a range of specialty teas that cater to discerning palates. This includes Assam Gold Tips, which features golden-hued buds and offers a luxurious drinking experience with its smooth texture and honeyed notes. Another notable specialty tea is Assam Maijan Orthodox, known for its bold flavor and distinctive character. These specialty teas often command attention for their exceptional quality and unique terroir.

These specialty teas from Assam are not merely beverages; they are expressions of artistry and craftsmanship, each sip a journey of discovery and delight. With their exceptional outstanding quality and unique terroir, Assam Gold Tips and Assam Maijan Orthodox stand as shining examples of the region’s tea-making prowess, captivating tea enthusiasts around the world with their unparalleled taste and character. Whether enjoyed in solitude or shared amongst friends, these teas offer a moment of respite from the hustle and bustle of everyday life, inviting one to savor the richness of Assam’s tea heritage with every precious sip.


Assam tea holds significant cultural importance in India, where it is not only enjoyed as a beverage but also plays a role in social gatherings and rituals. It serves as a symbol of hospitality and is often served to guests as a gesture of warmth and welcome. Additionally, Assam tea is an integral part of Indian cuisine, where it is used in various culinary preparations, including tea-infused desserts and savory dishes. The diverse range of Assam tea types offers something for every tea enthusiast, from the bold and robust flavors of orthodox and CTC teas to the delicate and nuanced profiles of green and white teas. Whether enjoyed on its own or used as a base for blends, Assam tea continues to captivate tea lovers around the world with its unparalleled taste and cultural significance.